Promoting green development in agriculture is a profound revolution in the concept of agricultural development
recently, the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council issued the opinions on innovating systems and mechanisms to promote green development in agriculture. This is the first document on agricultural green development issued by the Party Central Committee and a programmatic document guiding the current and future agricultural green development. This is a major measure to promote agricultural modernization and promote the sustainable development of agriculture. It is the responsibility of the times to maintain green waters and mountains, build a beautiful China and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It is of great significance to ensure national food security, resource security and ecological security, maintain the well-being of contemporary people and ensure the sustainable development of future generations Now the supply and demand experiment of agricultural products has begun, and the contradiction between the total amount has been greatly alleviated. The conditions and requirements for promoting green agricultural development are available and urgent. This requires us to take the concept that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains as the guide, speed up the transformation of ideas and development methods, and strive to innovate institutional mechanisms and policy measures. There are mainly two kinds of transmission parts: implement, answer the questions of "what to rely on", "what to produce", "what to leave", "what to contribute" and so on for agricultural development, and change the way of agricultural spatial layout, resource utilization, and production management, Carry out the profound revolution of green development of the industry after the issuance of the "several opinions of the Ministry of industry and information technology on promoting the healthy and sustainable development of the refractory industry", and walk out a path of green development of agriculture with Chinese characteristics with space optimization, resource conservation, environmental friendliness and ecological stability
first of all, we should consider "what to rely on". Water, soil, gas and other resources are the basis and dependence of agricultural production. Without good resources and reasonable development and utilization of resources, there will be no sustainable development of agriculture. To promote green development in agriculture, we should focus on solving the structural contradiction between resource mismatch and supply dislocation, determine the reasonable intensity of agricultural industry development according to the resource carrying capacity, strengthen access management and bottom line constraints, establish an industry negative list system for prominent problems, and strive to establish an agricultural productivity layout that reflects market supply and demand and resource scarcity
one of the major goals of green agricultural development is to achieve no reduction in the number of cultivated land, no reduction in the quality of cultivated land, and no overexploitation of groundwater. We should strengthen the conservation and efficient utilization of agricultural resources, establish a circular low-carbon production system, implement the combination of land use and land cultivation, implement the total amount control and quota management of agricultural irrigation water, and strengthen the protection and utilization of agricultural biological resources
secondly, we should clarify "what is produced". Pay more attention to the quality of agricultural products, which is the basic requirement of agricultural green development. We should use limited resources to increase the supply of high-quality, safe and characteristic agricultural products, and promote the transformation of agricultural product supply from mainly meeting the demand of "quantity" to paying more attention to the demand of "quality". We should adhere to the principle of "producing" and "managing", strengthen the quality and safety certification of agricultural products, reform the certification system of pollution-free agricultural products, speed up the establishment of unified market access standards for green agricultural products, and improve the credibility and authority of the certification of green food, organic agricultural products and geographical indication agricultural products. We should vigorously promote the revitalization of agriculture by quality and the strengthening of agriculture by brand, and improve the quality and safety level of agricultural products "from the field to the table"
again, we should pay attention to "what is left". When people get rich agricultural products, they also leave a lot of agricultural waste. This is the "other half" of agricultural production, and it is a misplaced resource. Achieving zero growth in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and the full utilization of agricultural wastes such as straw, livestock manure and agricultural film are the other two goals to promote the green development of agriculture. Efforts should be made to reduce and increase efficiency and turn waste into treasure. On the one hand, we should improve the system of reducing the use of agricultural inputs, continue to implement the action of zero growth in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, and support the production of low consumption and low residue agricultural inputs; On the other hand, we should improve the resource utilization system of straw, livestock and poultry manure, and improve the recycling system of waste plastic film and packaging waste. At the same time, we should also formulate farmland pollution control standards and strictly control the entry of untreated industrial and urban pollutants into farmland
finally, we need to look forward to "what to contribute". "Making food", "making money" and "making green" are the most important functions of agriculture. While people are looking forward to "making food" and "making money" in agriculture, they are also looking forward to returning to the green nature of agriculture and giving full play to the function of "making green". Mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes and grasses are a community of life. Respecting nature, conforming to nature and protecting nature are the due meanings of green agricultural development. To "green" agriculture, we should follow the laws of ecosystem integrity and biodiversity, vigorously promote green production methods, build pastoral ecosystems, innovate grassland protection systems, improve aquatic ecological protection and restoration systems, and implement forestry and wetland conservation systems, so as to make green development a supporting point for sustainable and healthy economic and social development, and make the sky bluer, mountains greener, and water clearer
agricultural green development is a profound and complex revolution and a long-term and great task. It needs to give full play to the government, the market and the legal system, and can also arouse students' interest in the curriculum and the role of science and technology. It needs to continue to work hard, unremittingly and for a long time. One point deployment, nine points implementation. p>